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Intensive Therapy and Care

Department of intensive therapy and care was created for the purposes of treating patients in critical, life-threatening conditions. The International Medical Center uses most modern and best world achievements that aim to restore the lost functions of the body, treat and prevent complications that can arise during the intensive care period. When we are talking about neurorehabilitation , it is especially important to understand that the restoration of lost brain functions begins from the very first moment of the treatment, when patient is still in the intensive care unit. Complex combination of differential diagnostics and intensive care, activities aimed at maintaining vital body functions significantly increase the chances of successful recovery of the brain lost functions.

In the intensive care unit, many patients are in a state of coma. This is a state when the patient does not have consciousness (loss of perception of the surrounding world), reflexes and reactions to external stimuli are inhibited, depth and frequency of breathing is disrupted (hypo or hyperventilation, apnea), thermoregulation is affected as well (hypo or hyperthermic syndrome), the pulse slows down or becomes more frequent, the tone of the blood vessels changes, neuro-trophic disorders develop (bedsores are formed). The cerebral edema edema is the most dangerous complication and it can be the secondary symptom of damage. Doctors treat this symptom using the most modern technology, eliminating the very cause of cerebral edema. Patients who are in coma have an increased risk of developing purulent-septic complications, such as pneumonia, sepsis, meningitis and encephalitis. All patients who are in a coma need artificial ventilation (IVL), infusion therapy and catheterization of central venous vessels. They also need artificial nutrition and constant catheterization of the bladder. Often, patients who need long-term artificial ventilation (IVL) undergo tracheostomy surgery. Nonetheless, all these measures can also lead to serious complications, such as pneumonia, sepsis, tracheal decubitus, traumatic lung tissue with the development of pneumothorax and hydrothorax, gastrointestinal bleeding, inflammation of the urinary tract.

In the intensive care unit, patients who are in a coma, are also given special attention. Each patient is put into a separate ward with a nurse and a physician that are assigned to him/her individually. Such individual approach allows not only to quickly assess the patient's current condition, but also to react immediately to any changes in his/her condition, which ultimately positively effect the treatment. Monitoring systems in the intensive care unit are very modern and they allow the doctor to evaluate all vital systems of the body, the processes occurring in the brain and spinal cord and also to control and prevent the development of life-threatening conditions. The system of disinfection and air purification in each ward is performed based not only on the latest achievements, but also based on technologies used in space. After discharge of a patient from the intensive care unit, general disinfection is carried out, which ensures maximum sterility. In addition, the intensive care unit is closed quarterly for preventive sanitary measures. This prevents hospital infections to harm the patient, who is very susceptible to them in a coma state.

If you have questions regarding intensive therapy and care in Germany,
please call: +49 228 972 723 35 or fill in
the request form.

Coma

A Coma is a state of deep suppression of functions of the central nervous system characterized by a complete loss of consciousness, loss of responses to external stimuli and impaired regulation of vital functions.

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